Levels of Editing
In general, PROOFREADING involves the identification and correction
of typographical errors, punctuation errors, misspellings, and
formatting inconsistencies. It may also mean comparing two documents
COPYEDITING covers the same areas, but may include grammar,
word usage, capitalization, word breaks, tone, and format.
/ SUBSTANTIVE EDITING (moderate to heavy) seeks
to achieve clarity of subject, logic, and consistency. Confusing
and awkward writing may be reworked. Sentences are analysed for
structure/syntax. Long sentences may be enumerated or separated.
Proofreading, copyediting and substantive editing often occur
FORMATTING As required, style revisions will be suggested or
implemented (e.g., page numbers, margins, headings, spacing,
indentations/paragraphs, quotes, references, citations, footnotes/